Everything Debunked: 200+ Paranormal Mysteries SOLVED – Complete Script

<<Complete script with sources>>

Everything Debunked: 200+ Paranormal Mysteries SOLVED

Please forgive any spelling mistakes; I had to write this script, then add links, then correct for text-to-speech, then remove links, then put the links back, then fix the spelling again. Not to mention, full paragraphs had to be moved around, so instead of scrolling along with the video, please hit CTRL+F to search for the right clip for links and transcription.

If any links are dead, try plugging the URL into the Internet Archive here:
https://archive.org/web/

Thanks for reading!

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Einstein quote:
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Talk:Albert_Einstein#If_you_can’t_explain_it_simply,_you_don’t_understand_it_well_enough

“Upside Down” or “The Human Flies”, 1899:
https://archive.org/details/youtube-ZDw79H8gBQw

Welcome to “Everything Debunked”. In this video, I will attempt to discredit and debunk, every possible sighting, superstition, urban legend, and paranormal occurrence that has ever been recorded on film. Feel free to pause the tape, and rewind when necessary. Also, please excuse the brevity of my explanations. I had over 200 topics to research, and I chose to condense the solution for each one, hopefully without oversimplifying it. Thank you for understanding.

The mysterious sailing stones of Death Valley’s Racetrack Playa can be explained with a natural phenomena. A shallow lake at the south end floods the playa and freezes during the night. Under the right conditions, the wind can push sheets of floating ice, which push the stones through the soft mud.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u1hoiHvOeGc

These UFOs seen at the end of a detached tether from the shuttle Columbia, are actually images of out-of-focus space debris. Taken from a telephoto lens. The History Channel reproduced the same images with a similar camera, and a mirrored lens.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdDE4B2A5DI

Dr. Robert Rines claimed to have taken these images of the Loch Ness monster’s flippers, in 1972, except, these were heavily edited versions of these, original images.
http://www.njan.org/scott.php

This creepy, yet realistic photo of the antarctic cryptid known as”ningen,” is simply an artist’s rendition of a creature from Japanese folklore.
http://cryptidz.wikia.com/wiki/Ningen
http://xenophilia.com/ningen-humanoid-sea-creatures-of-the-antarctic/

The Chilean Blob was a large mass of tissue that washed up in Chile in 2003. D N A tests prove the blob was actually the remains of a sperm whale.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilean_Blob

None of the events inspiring the Amityville Horror were true. The lawyer of the man who was convicted of the initial murders conspired with the new residents, and created a horror story over, quote, Many bottles of wine. The house was never really haunted, and the horrific experiences were pure fiction.
http://www.snopes.com/horrors/ghosts/amityville.asp

This fallout preparedness video from the 1950’s, apparently predicts the score of Game 2 of the 2010 World Series. Unfortunately, the original video shows the un-doctored version.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CE0Q904gtMI

This video of a golden eagle capturing a child, was assumed to be fake, after enhancing certain frames showing common clipping errors, and was eventually confirmed as the work of students at the Canadian animation and design school, Centre N. A. D.
http://gawker.com/5969701/all-the-reasons-that-baby+snatching-eagle-video-is-fake

The bizarre “Waffle-Rock” of West Virginia was explained by the U.S. Department of the Interior, as a rare rock formation, formed when sandstone bedrock goes through compression in different directions, creating fractures called joints. Later, iron ore particles settled and cemented in the cracks, becoming hematite.
http://www.paranormalpeopleonline.com/the-waffle-rock-what-the-heck-is-it/

The Acambaro figures, are several thousand, small ceramic figurines allegedly discovered by Waldemar Julsrood, in 1944. However, the most recent thermo-luminescence dating, estimates that the bizarre figures were sculpted a few years before they were found by Julsrood.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ac%C3%A1mbaro_figures

There is no credible scientific evidence that cats and dogs can predict earthquakes. Any accounts of erratic animal behavior before an earthquake, can be attested to the vibrations of non-destructive primary waves, or the sounds of sub-terrestrial rocks scraping against each other, either of which, some animals can sense, but humans cannot.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLMuSiViLFc
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake_prediction#Animal_behavior

Paul Villa took these UFO photos from 1963 to 1967 in various sites in New Mexico. Photography experts claim that the photos are fakes and that the crafts were held in the air by fishing wire.
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread594378/pg2#pid9234960

These lights were captured from a WalMart parking lot in Cincinnati in September 2012. It turns out the lights were the pyrotechnics from a team of professional skydivers named “Start Skydiving.”
http://www.livescience.com/23713-cincinnati-ufo-case-mystery.html

Is this a real giant floating jellyfish? No. It is a rare kind of cloud called, Altocumulus Castellanus, or “the jellyfish cloud.”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altocumulus_castellanus_cloud

There were multiple sightings of this odd looking UFO over Los Banos California. It turned out to be a part of Project Loon, which is Google’s plan to provide widespread internet access using a network of balloons.
http://www.ufo-blogger.com/2012/10/incredible-mass-ufo-sighting.html

The “Well to Hell” is an urban legend where a team of Siberian miners lowered a microphone into a deep hole in the earth and recorded the sounds of human screams. It turns out, no miners have ever reported hearing any noises from the well in question, and the recordings were a combination of audio samples from the movie “Baron Blood” , and a radio broadcast called, “Quiet Please, The Fourble Board”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Well_to_Hell_hoax
http://www.snopes.com/religion/wellhell.asp
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8iPIXq_jGMQ

There are at least two viable time traveler videos online. One from 1938, and this one from the 1928 movie “The Circus,” both showing a bystander holding what appears to be a mobile phone. The most likely explanation for both, is an early electronic hearing aid. Except for the Dupont factory girl, who one YouTube user claims that she is his great grandmother testing a wireless communication device for her job.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vwy6gSs-ljA
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/04/time-traveler-cell-phone-1938-video-woman-factory_n_3013996.html

This alien autopsy video was discovered by British music and video producer Ray Santilli in 1995. 11 years later, in the documentary “Eamonn Investigates, Alien Autopsy,” Santilli admitted that the autopsy was fake. The footage was shot in a London apartment and the alien was created by sculptor John Humphreys, who also played the part of one of the surgeons. Santilli insisted that there really was footage of an alien autopsy, but due to its poor condition he had been forced to recreate it.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/alien_autopsy

Bohemian grove, is an exclusive campground in northern California where world leaders, military contractors, and CEO’s of major companies, have attended, and witnessed bizarre rituals and pagan pageantry, in front of a 40-foot owl statue. In the year 2000, conspiracy theorist Alex Jones secretly infiltrated the grove, and exposed some of the mysterious ceremonies. In 2013, Reddit user, eye Lorax, claimed to work at Bohemian Grove for 6 years. He calls the whole experience: Burning Man for rich people. Basically, rich white men abandon their cell phones, and get drunk for two weeks. The elaborate plays are simply that. And the owl is just their mascot. Everything else is blown out of proportion. He later uploaded his ID badge to confirm his story.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian_Grove
http://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/1ocpru/what_is_the_most_unexplained_photo_that_exists/ccqwcip

Rotating ice disks are rare natural phenomena, that are actually the result of ice forming over an eddy, or whirlpool, within a stream or river. The ice over the eddy is the last to form, and once it does, it expands outward in all directions. If it’s not perfectly circular, the surrounding ice or rocks will carve it into a perfect circle.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_circle

You may have seen this image of a 4 foot human femur, discovered by Joe Taylor, of the mount blanco fossil museum. On his website, Taylor admits that the “femur” is just a sculpture that he had commissioned to illustrate an unsubstantiated story.
http://www.mtblanco.com/mtblancotour.htm

These lights were seen over Dallas on October 24th, 2013. Reddit user, krizo, explains that he regularly sees this pattern on clouds, when the airport runway is signaling to landing airplanes, on foggy or cloudy nights.
http://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/1p68nv/weird_lights_seen_in_sky_in_dallas_october_24_2013/

The reason some older graves in cemeteries have personal iron fences around them, is that cattle used to roam graveyards freely, and could easily push over gravestones, or even disturb the bodies by grazing. It has nothing to do with zombies.
http://www.gravehunter.net/fences.htm

Nicolas Flamelle was a real alchemist, who allegedly gained immortality after creating the philosophers stone. This is untrue, because he actually died in 1418. He’s also credited with turning base metals into silver and then gold, which can be reproduced, by dipping copper in a solution of zinc and sodium hydroxide. A flame, plates the copper coins in a gold-colored brass. Gold can also be manufactured synthetically, by bombarding mercury with neutrons, but the few gold atoms are radioactive and will quickly decay.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolas_Flamel
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_g_ml8tAnWE

Contrails are formed when hot exhaust gases mix with cool air, freezing it, and forming an elongated cloud. The theory of chemtrails have little evidence other than speculation. This image of a plane filled with barrels, is from a Boeing manual for the simulation of human passengers. If you ever see a black contrail, it’s likely a shadow cast by a parallel contrail. Furthermore, Contrails are deposited at 30,000 feet or higher, where winds would likely disperse them unpredictably. If there were a campaign to introduce chemicals to a population, it would be simpler and more effective to put them in the water supply.
http://conspiracies.skepticproject.com/articles/chemtrails/

The cryptids known as “rods”, are actually just moths, or other flying insects, as seen in this high speed video.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KE3Jl8Kw6xA

Peter Poppov, a famous faith healers, was exposed as a fraud by James Randi in 1986. Randi intercepted radio transmissions from Poppov’s wife, who was broadcasting personal information to his earpiece.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Popoff#Investigation_by_James_Randi

This video of a levitating alien artifact is actually computer generated, which is most noticeable when you realize the curved glass of the bottle does not distort the image of the object at all.

This iconic image of the Loch Ness monster turned out to be a 60 year old hoax, when Christian Spurling made a deathbed confession to his involvement in a 3-man plot to create a model fitted onto a toy submarine.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/photo_database/image/the_surgeons_photo/

Here are some examples of ghost photographs that can be explained with natural phenomena or intentional forgery.

This is a long exposure of a figure that stood in front of the camera for a moment and then quickly left.

This light is actually the reflection of the camera’s flash onto a normal stop sign.

This photo had the camera strap dangling in front of the lens.

A double exposure happens when you fail to roll over to the next frame in the film and take a new picture over the first, creating a ghost image.

Most orb photographs are taken with digital cameras under low-light conditions and are nothing more than reflection of the flash from particles in the air.

The childhood legend of summoning Bloody-Mary or Candy-Man in front of a dark mirror actually has a realistic consequence that fed the mystery. After entering a dark room and saying the name several times, the speakers eyes would have time to adjust to the darkness; just long enough to recognize his or her own reflection in the mirror, mistaking it for a ghost.

This enhanced image of disturbing hooded figures in the background of a wedding is a actually just an installation by artist Dawn DeDeaux in New Orleans.
https://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/1mjnla/can_someone_tell_me_who_these_hooded_figures_at/

Accounts of cars being pushed by spirits are often verified by sprinkling talcum powder on the car and finding ghost fingerprints. These fingerprints were already left on the car by the owner and they are revealed as powder is blown away during the roll.

These gravity defying mystery spots are simply tilted buildings. The houses are tilted between 20 and 25 degrees and any surrounding fences or tresses follow suit, to distort the perspective. This way, people look like they’re standing at impossible angles, and water on a near level surface will appear to flow upwards.
http://www.sandlotscience.com/MysterySpots/Mystery_Spots_1.htm

If you type the phrase, “Bush hid the facts,” in a notepad document, the re-opened words will be transformed into bizarre Chinese characters. This is due to a bug in the Win32 character detection function, that recognizes any string of characters in the order of 4 3 3 and 5 and will incorrectly interpret them as Chinese Unicode.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_hid_the_facts

A large percentage of items in your grocery store may have a little mysterious K, or a crown symbol on the packaging somewhere. This only means the item is certified Kosher.
https://www.kidswithfoodallergies.org/page/kosher-labeling-and-milk-or-dairy-allergy.aspx

The Philadelphia Experiment appears to describe a 1943 attempt to make the USS Eldridge disappear and relocate, using the unified field theory. Unfortunately, science has yet to create a unified Field Theory, and there’s no documentation of this experiment ever occurring. The crew of the destroyer said that they never left port on that date. The rumor likely came from a type of degaussing technique to make the destroyer harder to detect by mines and torpedoes.
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Philadelphia_Experiment

The crash at Roswell was not an alien spacecraft, it was a radar reflector from a nuclear weapons test detection system, called Project Mogul. When the Pentagon learned that pieces of debris were discovered by civilians, they claimed the wreckage was from a weather balloon and stopped talking about it. This led to more extra terrestrial theories by the locals.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Mogul

This clip of Neil Armstrong stumbling on the moon appears to be a recovered outtake, proving that the moon mission was faked. But it was actually a viral video created by moon truth.com in the year 2000, demonstrating how the landing could have been fabricated.
http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/hoaxes/moonhoax.asp

This photo of a screw, embedded in stone is much more likely to be a fossilized Crinoid stem segment.
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3030781/Is-300-million-year-old-SCREW-Group-claims-proof-aliens-living-Earth-scientists-say-s-just-fossilised-sea-creature.html

In Mount Baigong, china, what appear to be ancient rusty pipes were found running through the mountain, apparently connecting to outside water sources. Researchers have determined the pipes are actually fossilized casts of tree roots that run through the mountain.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baigong_Pipes

Additionally, these 2 out-of-place artifacts are the only 2 that aren’t explained with a process called concretion. The London hammer was found in a creek bed near London Texas in 1936, embedded in rock dated to be millions of years old. Concretion is the process of minerals precipitating from one surface and depositing on another, like how stalactites and stalagmites form. The stone surrounding the hammer can be carbon dated to the cretaceous era because that’s where the particles come from.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Hammer

This also accounts for the 1960 Coso artifact which was determined to be a 1920’s Champion spark plug. Also, this stone hat found in Tasmania got that way from being submerged in water for only 50 years. You can witness this process yourself at the Petrifying well in Yorkshire.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coso_artifact

The facial features on the face on mars were actually just blurry shadows from one angle. Here’s a 1998 high resolution photo, and another from 2001. This is the 3D rendering.
http://www.universetoday.com/69766/extreme-close-up-of-the-face-on-mars/

These 1920 photos of the Cottingley fairies were a hoax, perpetrated by the 2 girls in the pictures. They were just paper cutouts, held up by hatpins.

The moon hoax conspiracy has some poorly researched evidence I’d like to quickly debunk.
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Moon_landing_hoax#Arguments_for_a_conspiracy

There are no stars in the night sky because the landing took place during the lunar morning and there wasn’t enough sunlight for the stars to appear. Just like on Earth.

The American flag is upright and appears to wave, because the flag is held up by a horizontal bar and is jostled when the astronauts are twisting it into the ground. There’s enough momentum to keep it moving in the vacuum of space after they stop touching it.

There is no landing crater under the lunar landing module because they landed on solid rock with just some dust covering it.

The rockets in the landing module don’t have a flame, because they are powered by fuel containing a combination of hydrazine and dinitrogen tetroxide, which burn with no visible flame.

Buzz Aldrin casts a shadow, but the front of his suit is still illuminated, presumably from a second light source. In reality, the moon is a giant reflective surface and it’s reflecting enough sunlight to keep the front of the suit bright. Same for the one in the shadow of the lander. His suit is white.

Crosshairs in the moon photos appear to get cut off. Because they are actually physically etched into a glass plate just in front of the film. The crosshairs aren’t black. They are clear, just like the rest of the plate. They only show up dark against any background that isn’t white. A higher resolution of the same image shows the original crosshair etching.

Finally, the reason no one has since taken a photo of the original landing site, is because it’s too far away. Even the Hubble telescope’s most sensitive camera still can’t pick up details smaller than 4 meters across. It would just show up as a dot.

This strange looking light appeared in the Norwegian sky on December 9th 2009. The next day, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed that a test Bulava missile had malfunctioned, causing it to spiral out of control.
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/34362960/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/russia-admits-missile-caused-ufo-lights/

The “Lolladoff Plate” featuring an alien figure and flying saucer were a featured find in the 1978 book, Sungods in Exile. The author of which, admitted the book was a work of fiction in 1992.
http://badarchaeology.wordpress.com/2010/02/07/more-alien-nonsense-the-lolladoff-plate/

If you found one of these gigantic structures on Google maps, the lines are just painted on the land for satellite calibration for spy satellites. This one in China is about a mile long.
http://shanghaiist.com/2011/11/18/google_maps_mystery_structures_actu.php

This video shows how crop circles can be manufactured by humans in a few hours, with planks of wood and a rope.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9eh9q8gadas

This UFO over Israel appeared to be genuine because it was filmed more than once. Only, the first video was taken by 3 film students, and the other video was taken by their teacher. They all claim it was just a coincidence.

These are rare lenticular clouds – often mistaken for giant UFOs.

This UFO, flying behind the World Trade Center was just a promo for the sci fi channel, in a series called: sci fi happens. The internet archive still has a screenshot of the page it was originally hosted on.
https://web.archive.org/web/20010615150525/http://www.scifi.com/happens/ufoletter.html

Photographer Billy Meier took hundreds of photographs and videos of UFOs in the 1970s and 80s. Most of which look very fake, but still gained infamy. Especially since this one photo made it to Mulder’s wall. He apparently used model trees and wires to create the tapes, but since they look so realistic, it’s impossible to know the truth.
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31453/11-time-traveler-urban-legends-pretty-much-debunk-themselves

On April 21, 2008, these mysterious lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona and filmed from multiple sources at night and again in the morning. Some witnesses with telescopes claimed the first set of lights were just aircraft. Researchers superimposed the lights over a daylight photo of Phoenix and noticed the lights disappear as they fall behind the mountain. The United States Air Force later identified the second group of lights as flares dropped by an A-10 Warthog aircraft, as a part of a training exercise.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix_Lights

This video of a so called, invisible soldier is actually just very poor resolution and high compression. Unfortunately, there’s not enough data for the camera to produce a good image of the moving object. I looked around and found another video with similar compression. You’ll notice that the moving images are just as difficult for the camera to capture, and the skateboard appears to turn invisible in many frames. You might also notice that the other soldiers in the video produce a similar effect.
https://www.reddit.com/r/skeptic/comments/tac6l/invisible_soldier_caught_on_video_any_truth_to/

This video of a giant UFO – escaping the sun, is actually a common event called a coronal cavity. Long dark clouds of plasma called filaments, are constantly floating over the sun. What we’re looking at is the side view of a filament tunnel, as it drifts away from the surface.

The Bermuda triangle has no more mysterious deaths and disappearances than any other area of frequent ocean travel.
http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/protect/ppw/

The Paluxi River basin contains fossilized dinosaur footprints, side by side with what look like human footprints. Only the human prints are 2 and a half times the size of an average human foot, and have no toes. Seeing as how there’s a 1-to-1 correlation with the dinosaur tracks, it becomes more apparent that the human prints are just part of the dinosaur’s, like a toe or footpad.
http://www.weirdcrap.com/scholarly/debunk.html
http://paleo.cc/paluxy/paluxy.htm

The Voynich manuscript is a mysterious, untranslatable book filled with hand-written text and bizarre illustrations. Since none of the fantastical plants or animals can be identified, and the same few words are constantly re used, it’s likely a hoax. Books like these were created by 16th century quack doctors and herbalists to impress their clients.

In fact, it could be a direct reproduction of the Italian Tractatus de Herbiss, or the french The Book of Simple Medicines, which include similar images of exaggerated flora and fauna.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/the_voynich_manuscript
http://www.strangescience.net/stplt.htm
http://www.moleiro.com/en/books-of-medicine/tractatus-de-herbis/miniatura/th3
http://www.moleiro.com/en/books-of-medicine/the-book-of-simple-medicines/miniatura/225
http://www.thecultureconcept.com/circle/wild-medicine-healing-plants-at-new-york-botanical-garden
http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/mss/ashmole/1431.htm

The Antikethra computer is a 2000 year old Greek artifact, that has been determined to be a computer – used to calculate astronomical positions of the sun – moon, and five known planets. Michael Wright, a former curator at the Science Museum in London, built a working replica, shown here.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrfMFhrgOFc

Any sighting of the flying Dutchman or an island in the sky – is likely a mirage. This optical illusion occurs when rays of light are bent, when they pass through a layers of warm air directly over a layer of cool air, distorting and inverting the image below.

In 1997, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration detected a loud ultra-low frequency sound in the Pacific ocean, across stations over 5000 kilometers apart. They called it – the Bloop. NOAH recently announced that the bloop was actually the cracking of an Antarctic ice shelf.
https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/bloop.html

Spontaneous rains of fish, frogs, birds, and other incredible objects have never been well documented. But the most likely explanations are tornadoes, forming over water – called waterspouts, which can suck up mud, plants and even small animals.

These washed up carcasses of giant squids are real, confirmed by the first images taken in 2004 and the first video in 2012. However, the giant squid is only 30-40ft long, which is second to the colossal squid, which can be up to 46 ft long, neither of which have the strength to sink a ship, like the legendary Kraken. Likewise, the largest known octopus is the giant pacific octopus which can only grow up to 20ft. Aside from the 14th century urban legends, the most recent account is that of the kraken octopus, detailed in the 1801 French encyclopedia of mollusks, by Peirre Dénys de Montfort , who claimed the krakens were responsible for sinking ten British warships in 1782, only to be later refuted by the British.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Denys_de_Montfort

What happened to Amelia Airheart? 4 years after she disappeared, partial human remains were found on an island close to her suspected location, with Earhart’s measurements; along with a pocket knife, a piece of glass from an airplane windshield, and the same exact type of navigational system Earhart had been using.
http://www.cracked.com/article_18718_6-famous-unsolved-mysteries-that-have-totally-been-solved.html

Fairy rings are mysterious naturally occurring rings of mushrooms, which can be explained by a single fungal spore, growing underground in all directions. When the conditions are right, mushrooms will sprout equidistant from the original spore. The rings are also known to grow around trees and stumps, using the same method.

The 1590 mass disappearance at Roanoke, North Carolina, has no verifiable explanation, except for the word, Crowatawn – carved into a post, which likely means that the colony migrated to nearby Crowatawn island, now called – Hatteras island, and intermarried with the natives, creating the mixed race – Lumbee tribe.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_Colony#Hypotheses_about_the_disappearance
The shroud of Turin – was proven to be a hoax. 3 different university’s carbon dated the shroud back to the 14th century. Samples of the dried blood were tested and found to be tempura paint blended with iron oxide.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shroud_of_Turin#Material_chemical_analysis
http://www.cracked.com/article_19418_7-famous-unsolved-mysteries-science-solved-years-ago.html

People that claim that they have magnetic skin are just performers, who use natural body oils and practiced balancing points to create a vacuum between the objects and their skin. James Randi proved you could demagnetize the performers with talcum powder.

This video of a transforming UFO over Mexico, was believed to be a collection of metallic balloons. It was later reproduced in an experiment conducted by the discovery channel.

This video of a dancing cloud, is actually a rare natural phenomenon. There is an ambient electrical field at the top of the clouds – and long needle-shaped ice crystals, are aligned with it. When the field becomes disrupted, the crystals relax – and then realign.
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2011/10/25/amazing-video-of-a-bizarre-twisting-dancing-cloud/#.UqCq7dJDuSo

This video of a flying humanoid has no verifiable explanation, but it most likely resembles The Williams Aerial Systems Platform, or WASP – a personal jet, capable of vertical takeoff.

This UFO filmed outside the international space station has been identified as an Antenna cover for the vesda service module by Russian officials.
http://www.ibtimes.co.in/ufo-found-near-space-station-identified-as-antenna-cover-video-500437

These elaborate 6-foot wide circles, found at the bottom of the pacific ocean, are actually the work of the male puffer-fish. The fish create these nests to attract mates.

These odd looking clouds are actually the product of a sky-writing and acrobatics team, called Geico sky typers.
https://geicoskytypers.com/

This ghostlike UFO from Florida is much more likely to be a drop of water on the lens of the camera.

Sun dogs, also called mock suns or para heelia, – are bright lights found beside the sun, often mistaken for UFOs. They’re made from the refraction of light from hexagonal-shaped crystals of ice in the sky, which act like prisms. They’re also responsible for halos around the sun, partial rainbows, and upside-down rainbows.

Conspiracy sites are linking to compilation videos of different local news reporters apparently repeating the same lines. Local stations are normally fed syndicated white-label stories from larger news suppliers, complete with scripts and stock footage.
http://www.mediabistro.com/tvspy/how-did-28-stations-end-up-with-identical-scripts-for-a-story-about-conan-obrien_b28039

The Cardiff Giant, a gigantic ten-foot-tall stone figure, was actually a fake. The giant was commissioned by New York tobacconist, George Hull, to make fun of a local fundamentalist reverend.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/the_cardiff_giant

This 1977 photo of the Loch Ness monster, taken by Anthony Shiels, is likely to be fake, because there are no ripples around the creature’s neck, and Shiels was a showman and psychic entertainer, who was developing a side business as a professional monster hunter.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/the_loch_ness_muppet

The famous black lion that circulated the internet in 2012 was a doctored photo, of this original image.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/weblog/comments/photo_of_a_black_lion

On the January 21, 1985 episode of the Donahue show, seven members of the live audience fainted, and the rest of the show was canceled. A few days later, Deborah Harmon, one of the fainters, admitted she had been paid to do so, by the well-known prankster, Alan Abel.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/faint

On April 1, 1957, the British news show, Panorama broadcast a three-minute segment about a bumper spaghetti harvest in southern Switzerland. The success of the crop was attributed both to an unusually mild winter and to the “virtual disappearance of the spaghetti weevil.” – Naturally, it was an April fools day prank.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/the_swiss_spaghetti_harvest

The 1999 movie, The Blair Witch Project, is completely fictional. The movie was promoted with the hoax website, blair witch.com, complete with fabricated photographs, police reports, and interviews. The 3 main characters filming in the movie, are real actors, and have appeared in other films following the success of The Blair Witch Project.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/archive/permalink/the_blair_witch_project

This photo of a tourist standing on the world trade center on 9/11 is doctored. The airplane, a seven sixty seven, not a seven fifty seven, was digitally cut-and-pasted from a photo available on airliners.net.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/photo_database/image/tourist_guy/

Eben Alexander’s book, Proof of Heaven, has sold over 2 million copies, and he claims he visited heaven in a chemically induced coma, and his damaged brain was not capable of creating hallucinations. However, in a recent interview, his doctor insists he WAS conscious, but delirious.
http://www.theatlanticwire.com/entertainment/2013/07/proof-heaven-author-debunked/66772/

The montauk monster that washed up in new york in 2008, was identified to be a dead raccoon.
http://www.history.com/shows/monsterquest/videos/montauk-monster—myth-of-monster

This ghostly figure, in this scene from the movie 3 men and a baby, is just this cardboard cutout of ted danson left on set.

The 1967 Patterson footage is probably the best evidence supporting the existence of Bigfoot. Unfortunately, Patterson was paid 37,000 dollars to make a Bigfoot documentary with paid actors, in the same area, in the same year. Here are some stills from that movie.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patterson%E2%80%93Gimlin_film#Background
http://bigfootfilm67.webs.com/ron-olson-ane
http://www.cracked.com/photoplasty_680_15-famous-paranormal-photos-explained-by-science_p15/#1

Billy Meier claims to have traveled through time and took this photograph of a pterodactyl, only it’s actually from the 1972 picture book, Life Before Man.
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31453/11-time-traveler-urban-legends-pretty-much-debunk-themselves

The Eltanin Antenna, was the name given to this alien looking artifact photographed by the cargo ship USNS Eltanin in 1964. But in reality, it’s just a sea sponge, called Cladorhiza concrescens.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eltanin_Antenna

This image of the supposed Noah’s Ark, near Mt Ararat in Turkey, is usually photographed from above, but higher resolution and different angles, show it’s true shape. Geologists have determined that the ark walls are actually pillars of limonite concentrations, and no fossilized wood have ever been found in the area. The anchor stones were actually common to the area, and the crosses engraved on them, were pagan symbols. The 2010 Noah’s Ark Ministries International group documentary, is generally regarded to be a hoax, because they never revealed the true location of the ark, and some of the lumber they find looks too fresh.
http://www.wnd.com/2010/04/146941/
http://www.csun.edu/~vcgeo005/bogus.html
http://www.arkdiscovery.com/noah’s_ark.htm
http://www.talkorigins.org/indexcc/CH/CH503.html

The ica stones were discovered in 1966, by Dr. Javier Cabrera, depicting dragons – dinosaurs and spacecraft. Apparently, Cabrera was initially gifted a carved stone with a fish on it, and became obsessed with them. He left his practice to search for as many as he could find, and built a museum housing over 10,000 of the new stones. Spanish investigator Vicente Paris, found traces of modern paints and abrasives on the stones, and declared them a hoax. A BBC documentary reproduced an exact replica of a stone, using a dental drill and cow manure, to fake the patina tarnish.
http://www.crystalinks.com/icastones.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ica_stones

The Bagdad battery, was confirmed by Discovery’s MythBusters. to generate a small current. But no more than a potato would. The vessel and metal innards actually resemble artifacts found elsewhere in the region, which were used to store papyrus, which could be easily destroyed by vinegar. This battery is actually more likely to be a burn bag for sensitive papers. Or, if you prefer, a secret-protecting cryptex, illustrated in the movie, The Da Vinci Code.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_Battery

The JFK assassination has far too much evidence that support many different conspiracy theories. But the Magic bullet is said to prove the existence of multiple shooters. Only, the bullet didn’t need to perform acrobatics to hit Kennedy and Connally. The President and first lady were sitting on regular seats, and Connally was sitting on a small jump seat so he couldn’t block the public view of the president.

The JFK assassination bears a lot of evidence that supports many conspiracy theories. But the Magic bullet theory is alleged to prove the existence of multiple shooters. Only, the bullet didn’t need to perform acrobatics to hit Kennedy and Connally. President Kennedy and the first lady were sitting on regular seats, and John Connally was sitting on a smaller jump seat, so he couldn’t block the public view of the president. The path of the bullet is innocently straightforward. In this frame of the z’prooter film, I’ve indicated the direction of the shooter’s line of fire. Lee Harvey Oswald fired 3 shots. Either the first or second shot, passed through Kennedy’s back and throat. Then struck Connally. And a third shot struck Kennedy’s head; Killing him.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_John_F._Kennedy#FBI_investigation

There is no scientific evidence that shark cartilage is useful in treating or preventing cancer or other diseases. The rumor spread from the 1992 best-selling book, Sharks Don’t Get Cancer, which is misleading because numerous species of sharks have been diagnosed with tumors.
The American Cancer Society has similarly denounced Red clover, Saw Palmetto, herbal remedies, homeopathy, cuhping, shiatsu, bee venom, Colloidal silver, and urine therapy. Please follow the link below for the complete list.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unproven_and_disproven_cancer_treatments
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A7a%C3%AD_palm#Nutritional_content
http://www.stltoday.com/business/columns/savvy-consumer/ftc-supplement-marketer-scammed-consumers-out-of-million-last-year/article_3a000740-a95d-11df-91f2-00127992bc8b.html

The acai berry has become famous for it’s high content of antioxidants, which may help reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. Central Coast Nutraceuticals, one of the companies marketing acai berry weight loss products, as well as iLife Health and Wellness, Simply Naturals, and Fit for life, were all sued by the Federal Trade Commission, for false advertising. They claimed that the acai berry could help you lose weight, when it absolutely couldn’t.
https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/cases-proceedings/102-3028-x100043/central-coast-nutraceuticals-inc

Also, a gluten-free diet is only beneficial to people with gluten allergies or celiac disease. There are absolutely no health benefits to anyone else.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gluten-free_diet#Popularity_and_nonceliac_health_effects

As a side note: Vitamin Water is not a healthy drink. It contains about 33 grams of sugar , more than a 12 ounce bottle of Coke. They were sued in early 2013, while they ignorantly claimed, “no consumer could reasonably be misled into thinking vitamin water was a healthy beverage.”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_Brands#Legal_disputes

This man, shown cooking and eating a human fetus is actually Chinese performance artist Zhu Yu, who staged a conceptual shock piece called “Eating People” at a Shanghai arts festival in the year 2000. The fetus was not real.
http://www.snopes.com/horrors/cannibal/fetus.asp

This blurry video of a wooly mammoth was determined to be a CGI hoax, when the original background footage was discovered.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nF_INXRNJXA

Cases of winged cats have been documented since the 1800’s. If the cause isn’t simply clumps of matted fur, then the most common explanation is a skin condition, called feline cutaneous asthenia, which is related to elastic skin syndrome in humans. The wings on the cats are non-functional, but some cats are able to actively move their wings.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winged_cat

Not many people know that the 2 major political parties in America mysteriously switched sides. Abe Lincoln, a republican, managed to convince the country to end slavery, where today, republicans are exclusively conservative and American minorities are more likely to vote democrat. So what happened? The original parties formed after the revolutionary war, and neither carried a liberal or conservative weight to it, for a long time. There were left and right wings to both, and there was very little difference between them. The freeing of the slaves most affected Southern farmers, who were generally considered democrats. At the time, candidates from both parties would appear to be moderate. Rather than focusing on polarizing issues that could lose voters. Later, throughout the mid 20th century, republican candidates like Hoover and Nixon, tried a system called the, “Southern Strategy,” which was a plan to appeal to white southerners, by promising to enforce states rights, which subtly meant opposition to civil rights laws. It worked. And the Republican party slowly became, more white, more conservative, and more southern. Meanwhile, the African-American population became part of America’s labor class, and their interests gradually shifted toward the workers’ rights platforms, already anchored to the Democratic Party.
http://www.people-press.org/2014/06/12/section-1-growing-ideological-consistency/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_strategy

If you’re interested in the secret behind this form of public levitation, the performer is sitting on a hidden platform under his clothes, which is connected to a metal bar going through his sleeve, his cane, and anchored into the ground.

This video from Eastern state prison may be the most definitive footage of a real ghost, if it wasn’t taken by the Sci Fi Channel’s Ghost Hunters, which have had many accusations of staging evidence. During the 2008 live Halloween event, lead investigator Grant Wilson has his jacket collar pulled down 3 times; all while his right hand stayed firmly in his pocket. This led skeptics to believe he was pulling a hidden string.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LzupqJuOORk
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghost_Hunters#Criticism
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlM-Uy8ODYQ

Like many fables in Greek mythology, the story of Sodom and Gomorrah was likely a supernatural explanation of natural phenomena. The dead sea is a hyper saline, terminal lake. And water can only leave through evaporation, leaving salt formations up to 3 feet in diameter. This would explain the pillar of salt from the Biblical story.

Many of the victims of Spontaneous Human Combustion have been overweight, which is linked to Type 2 diabetes. Their disordered metabolism results in ketone bodies, like acetone, building up in the victim’s fatty tissues, making the body much more flammable. A static spark or lit cigarette could set off a fierce combustion. Any clothing worn by the victim will soak up melted human fat and act like the wick of a candle. This is known as The wick effect, which leads to the partial destruction of a human body by fire.
http://www.dailygrail.com/Fresh-Science/2012/8/Spontaneous-Human-Combustion-Explained

No one believed Micheal Jackson really had a mysterious skin condition, that turned his skin white, but the doctor who performed Jackson’s autopsy confirmed that the singer really did have vitilago.
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/07/showbiz/jackson-death-trial/

This disturbing video of a cell phone being microwaved, is actually a viral attempt to slander larger wireless providers by, no evil.net, a product of Net10 wireless, now known as Tracfone.
http://www.prweb.com/releases/evil/cellphone/prweb1050634.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHXZHAJ7hb8

This bizarre, devil-shaped creature is known as the Jenny Haniver, which is simply the dried and varnished carcass of a ray or skate, to be sold as a souvenir.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenny_Haniver

This realistic looking image of an insect spy drone has been circulating emails since 2012, but it’s actually a conceptual mock-up of a design for a MAV, or micro air vehicle. Similarly, these images are simulations, part of an air force promotional video. The smallest known MAV is the Netherlands T U Delft University Delfly Micro, which is only 10 centimeters long.
http://www.snopes.com/photos/technology/insectdrone.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micro_air_vehicle

Recently, this giant pyramid has been discovered on Google Earth near Area 51. It’s actually a part of Big Explosives Experimental Facility, in Area 4 of the Nevada National Security Area. It’s a 40 foot tall mound of dirt to capture ejecta from explosives and deflect the detonation wave.
http://de.reddit.com/r/conspiracy/comments/1j9qsy/google_earth_reveal_giant_pyramid_in_area_51_base/

The Hindu milk miracle was a phenomenon in which statues of Ganesh allegedly drank offerings of milk. Regardless if the statue was hollow or not, the milk simply flowed down the statue and pooled at the bottom, even if this meant traveling upwards first. Capillary action can accomplish this. India’s Ministry of Science and Technology proved this by using food coloring in the milk.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu_milk_miracle#Scientific_explanation

Many people were convinced that the clips used in Animal Planet’s, “Mermaids The New Evidence” documentaries were real. There was a disclaimer at the end of the programs, claiming some of the events were in fact fictional. The IMDB pages reveal the names of the actors portraying scientists.
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1816585/combined

The Farmer’s Almanac and the old Farmers’ Almanac books base their predictions on historic data, but only have a 51% accuracy rate, so their just slightly more accurate than random guesses.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Farmer’s_Almanac
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farmers’_Almanac

The events of 9/11 came with a strong suspicion of government conspiracy. I can’t possibly debunk every video clip and eyewitness testimony, but I’ll try to cover the big 2. First, jet fuel doesn’t burn hot enough to melt steel, but it does burn hot enough to cause steel to lose more than 50% of its strength.

And Second. The collapse of Building 7 was primarily due to it’s unusual design. The columns were carrying exceptionally large loads, and if one column on one of the lower floors were damaged, it could cause a vertical progression of collapse, taking out the entire section or the whole building.

For the rest of the evidence concerning the events of 9/11, I’ll direct you to Edward Winston’s website, which does a fantastic job debunking these conspiracies, including the Zeitgeist movies.
http://www.debunking911.com/index.html
http://skepticproject.com/articles/zeitgeist/

This human sized bat found in Peru, is actually average size. It’s just very close to the camera, as determined by the oversized knife at the top of the frame.
http://www.ufo-blogger.com/2012/10/human-size-bat-caught-in-peru.html

There are many photos of the legendary Thunderbird online. This one is a model of Argentavis magnificens, an extinct species with a 23 foot wingspan.

In this recent photo, the shadows behind the left wing look blurry, and there appear to be deer hooves dangling behind the men’s legs, suggesting hung deer carcasses were cropped out.

These two photos were part of a promotional stunt for a short-lived show on Fox called, Freaky links.
http://www.haxan.com/portfolio/freakylinks/WWWFRE~1.COM/DIARY/2000/082800~1.HTM
http://www.haxan.com/portfolio/freakylinks/WWWFRE~1.COM/FREAKO~1/TAILS_~1/THUNDE~1.HTM
http://www.lorencoleman.com/museum.html

This famous photo is a composite, made from this original.

This thunderbird is just a female frigate bird in flight.

These last two, I have very little information about, so I’ll have to leave them be for now.

For reference, the Wandering Albatross and Andean Condor have the longest avian wingspans, of over 10 feet.

A Belgium man took this famous photo of a hovering UFO in 1990. 20 years later, the man admitted that he made the UFO model from polystyrene and took a picture of it.
http://www.ghosttheory.com/2011/07/27/belgian-ufo-photo-a-hoax

While visiting the Holy Land In 1967, a woman was approached by aliens and taken back in time. She took this photo of Jesus at Galilee as evidence, but it’s actually from a painting by Johannes Wehl, called “And they followed him.”

Some believe dowsing is a viable method of locating underground water or minerals, from either special instruments or the dowsers’ subconscious minds. A 1987 study in Munich tested 500 dowsers to locate water flowing through concealed underground pipes. 37 of the best 43 candidates showed no dowsing ability. The remaining 6 succeeded, but they did not perform any better than chance, in separate tests.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dowsing#Suggested_explanations
http://www.skepdic.com/dowsing.html

Professional fire walkers claim their skill comes from faith, or mind-over matter, but the amount of time the foot is in contact with the coals is not long enough to induce a burn, combined with the fact that embers are not good conductors of heat, especially if the skin is wet. When the embers cool down, their temperature sinks below the flash point, so they stop burning, and no new heat is generated.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewalking#Explanation

This creepy and disturbing image is just a still from the movie, begotten.
http://creepypasta.wikia.com/wiki/File:Begotten.jpg

The mystery of the single abandoned shoe found by the side of the road is still unsolved. But the solution to this mystery could simply be durability. Shoes are discarded just as often as any other piece of clothing, but are more sturdily constructed and will last longer after being abandoned outdoors. It’s also possible that the shoes come from rowdy children, throwing things out of moving cars or school buses, and it was not uncommon for shoes and cans to be tied to cars of newlyweds after a wedding.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abandoned_footwear

This photo of a djinn or goblin, is actually a plaster model hanging in a tourist trap at the ancient Cheddar Caves and Gorge, in Somerset England.
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread465473/pg1

The 2009 Morristown New Jersey UFO, was determined to be a hoax perpetrated by two high school students who tied road flares to helium balloons.
http://www.ufo-blogger.com/2009/04/criminal-charges-filled-against.html

Six of these flying saucers were found throughout Britain in 1967. The objects were 54 inch long fiberglass eggs, with a jelly-like goo in the center, and emitted a wailing noise if the saucer was disturbed. The eggs were the work of college students from the MOD’s Royal Aircraft Establishment, at Farnborough in Hampshire.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1363151/UFO-fever-gripped-Great-Britain-late-Sixties–handful-students-perptrated-big-hoax.html

The 1987 Gulf Breeze UFO Incident was well documented by Ed Walters, who made the first sightings. A trail of suspicious money leading to Walters led to a suspicion of a hoax. Later, this model of the UFO was found in a house once owned by Walters, confirming suspicions.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Breeze_UFO_incident

A German newspaper released this image of a tiny, aluminum-covered man, who had supposedly been rescued from a saucer crash in 1950. They admitted it was an April fools day joke.
http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/af_database/permalink/silverman

This UFO was caught on tape at a Canadian baseball game. It turns out the H R MacMillan Space Centre built a drone shaped like their new planetarium, and flew it around Vancouver.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/12/canada-baseball-game-ufo-hoax_n_3908612.html

The ‘Creature of Metepec’ was an alien cryptid, caught by a Mexican farmer in a trap. Taxidermist Urso Moreno Ruiz confessed to making this hoax creature from a Buffy Tuffted marmoset. She said she never claimed it was real, and that it was Maussán who lied to reporters.
http://aliens.wikia.com/wiki/Creature_of_Metepec
http://forgetomori.com/2010/aliens/the-metepec-creature-author-confess-hoax/

Maussan is a famous promoter and supporter of various UFO hoaxes, and UFO Watchdog lists Maussan as part of their “hall of shame”. He’s best known for his promotion of the Dr Reed UFO Fraud. As well as this bogus alien photo. In 1997 he claimed to have received this video of a UFO over Mexico City. It has since become on of the more famous sightings, even though it is very likely a hoax, from a renowned hoaxer.
http://www.ufowatchdog.com/jamie_maussan.htm
http://www.rense.com/general32/faking.htm
http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc1201.htm

This UFO is a real flying saucer, built for the 2008 Gdansk Festival of Stars, in Poland.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=om6ynJgbdv8

Deformed, pointed skulls like these have been found all over the world and suggest alien human hybridization. It’s actually a bizarre practice called Artificial cranial deformation, which is distorting the normal growth of a child’s skull by applying force. The reasons to do this are hazy, but they were likely performed to signify group affiliation, or social status.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_cranial_deformation

There are many reports of animals capable of doing math. It’s a clever trick performed by the human trainer, where they train a dog to bark or a horse to stamp it’s hoof repeatedly. The person conducts and solves the math problem themselves, and gives the animal a hidden signal to stop, when the answer is reached.

None of the mysterious crystal skulls claimed to be pre-Columbian Mesoamerican artifacts have been authenticated as pre-Columbian in origin. The Michel-Hedges skull, British Museum skull, Paris skull, and Smithsonian skull have all been proven to be creations from modern tools.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_skull

Here’s how the pyramids of Giza were constructed.
https://ancientaliensdebunked.com
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9w-i5oZqaQ

The pyramids were built around a sandstone quarry, where 85 percent of the stones came from. The granite and limestone were imported and moved, using wooden sleds and boats. Trees did not grow in ancient Egypt, so Egyptians imported their wood from places like Lebanon, and they even dug a channel from the Nile next to the quarry to get the materials closer.

We can discount the single ramp theory, because the ramp would be over a mile long, and would have required more stones than the pyramid. A spiral ramp wouldn’t work either. Some of the ledges only had about two feet or less to work with, and the pyramid would have required constant monitoring for geometric accuracy. An external spiral would have made surveying impossible. The best theory is an internal spiral ramp, where blocks were pulled up and rotated at each corner. In the 1980s, a French team conducted a gravometric survey of the Great Pyramid, and found this internal spiral shape.

Here’s how the stones were generated. This is a 1000 ton granite obelisk that was discovered unfinished. It was carved out by a team of workers on each side. They carved two troughs with diorite pounding stones. Eventually, they carved inward, to create a thin spine to be snapped off with levers.

This technique was also used to create the giant Maoi heads on Easter Island, which are actually complete with body, hidden under the ground.

Anyway, the obelisks were smoothed and polished using stone grinders and sand as an abrasive. This method is almost universally used, and, in combination with finer and finer gauged hammers and plum bobs, the ancient Incans created the ornate beveled edges at machu picchu. The purpose of this time-consuming practice was to create structural integrity, and prevent collapse from earthquakes, which explains why the walls still stand to this day.

Unlike the Egyptians, The Romans used pulleys and cranes to lift loads up to 5 tons. They also developed a method of rolling stones by making a large oak wheel. For stones much larger than 5 tons, one side could be raised slightly and a brace could be inserted underneath to be a fulcrum to gain a mechanical advantage. This Michigan man used this technique to create his own backyard Stonehenge, without pulleys or levers, just rocking the stones back and forth and elevating the fulcrum.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9w-i5oZqaQ

The stone sarcophagus lid of king Pacal, appears to depict an ancient astronaut. This is actually a depiction of Pacal’s death and descent into the underworld. He is seated in front of the “World Tree”, which was a symbol of the bridge between heaven and the underworld in Mayan mythology. The flames at the bottom are roots. The engines are the Mayan sun monster, and the breathing apparatus is just a nose piercing. Also, the hands are not operating controls. these delicate hand gestures are common in Mayan art.

These golden figures are a few of the Tolima artifacts that resemble modern aircraft, except they were found among hundreds of similar figurines depicting bizarre birds, insects, and small animals in exaggerated and stylistic designs. The most famous jet, most closely resembles the suckermouth catfish, which has a round head, large eyes, and protrusions on the fins.

This Egyptian hieroglyph does not show an ancient lightbulb, but the creation of the world in Egyptian mythology, which begins with a lotus flower giving birth to the first god, Atoon, who takes the form of a snake in a bubble of air, raised by the goddess Nun.

This byzantine painting of the crucifiction, appears to have two UFOs bearing witness, only these shapes are actually, the sun and moon, which almost always come with human features in every depiction. It also explains this 14th century Fresco in cosovo, which appears most like a spacecraft.

This painting, called “Maddona with child and infant st john”, appears to have a flying saucer in the corner, which is actually an angel with golden rays. It appears in various depictions, sometimes together, sometimes not.

This medieval painting appears to show a UFO shooting a laser beam at the Virgin Mary. This is actually a common representation of God, shown as concentric circles of small angels, and the beam of light is the impregnation of Mary by the Holy spirit.

This is a painting of God and Christ holding an artificial satellite. The object is sometimes known as the creation globe, which portrays the biblical idea that the Earth was created by God, Jesus and the holy spirit.

This hieroglyph of a grey alien is actually just a plant and vase, which is reproduced in other forms of Egyptian art.

This object appears to be an ancient rocketship, but it was tested and found to be 25 years old and made of modern plaster.

Ok, There’s a few carnival game cheats and tricks I’d like to debunk as well. The water gun from the balloon popping game, tricks you into using the view finder, which forces to you to aim slightly below the target.

The ball bounce game can be adjusted by moving the collection box away from the target. If a demonstration is needed, a ball with a heavy coin inside can be used, because it’s more likely to go in.

Knocking off all 3 milk bottles is difficult because one of the base bottles is slightly in front of the other. This one bottle absorbs the brunt of the force, and the other bottles almost always remain on the platform.

Balloons in the balloon dart game are under-inflated, and dull-tipped darts will likely bounce off.

The ring toss rings will fit over the bottles, but they’re made of hard plastic to facilitate extra bouncing.

Carnies can guess your birth month by scribbling this image on a piece of paper, and wagering you were born within two months of his guess. However, this figure could be June, July, or January, which includes every month, except October, so they’re almost guaranteed to guess correctly.
http://www.blifaloo.com/info/beat-carnival-games.php

The anti-vaccination movement claims that vaccines are ineffective or violate individual liberties, and can even cause autism, although there’s no scientific evidence to support any of these claims. In the United States, full vaccination from birth to adolescence, saves an estimated 33,000 American lives and prevents an estimated 14 million infections per year. Jenny McCarthy, one of the more vocal anti-vaccine spokespersons, claimed vaccines caused her son to have autism. She later claimed his autism was cured through chelation therapy. According to jenny mccarthy body count.com, the AVM may be responsible for over 9000 preventable deaths since 2007.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine_controversies
http://jennymccarthybodycount.com
http://hollywoodlife.com/2010/02/26/jenny-mccarthy-says-her-son-evan-never-had-autism/

There is actually nothing mysterious about the Terracotta Army in China. They were created in 210BC to protect the tomb of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. The names of the sculptors and their managers are etched in the bottom of all the statues.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta_Army

The Solway Firth Spaceman, is a figure seen in a photograph taken in 1964 by Jim Templeton, which is most easily explained by his wife, who is facing away from the camera and out of focus. The visor part of the helmet is just her hair.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solway_Firth_Spaceman
http://debunkedmyth.blogspot.com/2013/07/the-solway-firth-spaceman.html

Matthew Lesko is one of hundreds of salesmen who claim you can get free money from the government, however if you buy these books, instead of grants, they list the names and addresses of public assistance programs that many people are not eligible for. And if they are, they require a great deal more work than just mailing letters. All of these programs are listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance, available to read for free, at CFDA.gov.
https://www.cfda.gov/
http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply-for-grants.html
http://lesko.com/cdn/pdf/101-eBook-Intro-Body-proofed-final-big.pdf
http://www.lesko.com/12StepPDFs/WhoSaysTheresNoGrants.pdf

Nostradamus was a french doctor who wrote poetry with obscure imagery, and the translations are usually imaginative and unreliable. The quatrain that mentions a new city and two rocks causing a war, is commonly misconstrued as a 9/11 prophecy, but it is actually about a volcano and a mythological Nymph named Arethusa , who turns into a fountain. The quatrain mentioning “Hister” does not actually describe Hitler, but is actually a term used to describe the Danube river in Europe.
http://listverse.com/2007/09/14/top-10-prophecies-of-nostradamus-debunked/

The MythBusters have proven that diet cola and Mentos will not cause your stomach to explode, and the same goes for coke and pop rocks. Anyone who attempted this may experience gas and stomach pains, but that’s all.
http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/mythbusters-database/diet-coke-and-mentos-make-stomach-explode.htm
http://www.snopes.com/horrors/freakish/poprocks.asp

There’s no reason to be afraid of quicksand. It’s denser than water, and anything in it will have a greater buoyancy. A person won’t drown or get sucked under, unless they really try.
http://mythbustersresults.com/episode19

The mystery of why big names like Tom Cruise and John Travolta joined the church of Scientology is explained on Wikipedia. Scientology has had a written program governing celebrity recruitment since at least 1955, when L. Ron Hubbard created “Project Celebrity”, offering rewards to members who recruited targeted celebrities. It worked. And the church flourished in the 80s and 90s, but in recent years, their numbers have dwindled. They claim to have 10 million members, but recent surveys only estimate about 25,000 Scientologists in the US.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientology_and_celebrities
http://blogs.villagevoice.com/runninscared/2011/07/scientologists_1.php

This UFO over Redfish Florida, was filmed by Mike Hawkins, who is notorious for selling fake UFO photos and videos on his website UFOvideo.net, using helicopter models and Star Wars toys hung up on strings.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BugSuuvd1k
http://www.ufowatchdog.com/mike_hawkins.htm
http://www.ufovideo.net/

This footage of a Russian UFO crash site was part of a TNT special called “The Secret UFO Files of the KGB”. Like the mermaid documentaries, a disclaimer at the beginning of the program said: “What you are about to see may or may not be true.” The Producers disclaim and do not guarantee the accuracy or truthfulness of any of the documentation or materials that have been provided by any source.
https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0224072/

Plymouth rock is probably not real. The earliest records of the Mayflower landing in 1620 never mention a rock, and the first written reference to the rock’s existence was recorded 121 years after the landing. 20 years later, a 94-year-old church elder, claimed he recognized a beach stone in Plymouth as the fabled Plymouth rock, even though the pilgrims landed near the site of modern Provincetown before moving to Plymouth, which was about 650 feet away.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plymouth_Rock

Brainwashing is absolutely real, and the simplest method is the indoctrination of children. The pledge of allegiance has gotten some controversy over the years, but there is little evidence that the pledge makes people any more patriotic – especially because children never associated the pledge with obligation. We only hear a song with weird words. In fact, the word “allegiance” has probably lost significance thanks to the pledge, because children associated it with silly or boring songs rather than loyalty. The pledge of Allegiance carries no more brainwashing power than John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_the_Pledge_of_Allegiance

Astrology relies on the time of year you were born, which has no effect on your life or future. Maybe if you were born in winter months you had a higher infant mortality than others, but that’s all – the constellations you were born under are meaningless. The daily predictions are written to appear specific but are really generalizations that can apply to most people. You can debunk it yourself by reading the horoscope for every sign and see how many apply to you.

Additionally, there is more than one zodiac. The Babylonian zodiac originally consisted of 18 signs, and The Mayan Zodiac had 20. While the Egyptian and Greek zodiacs do have 12 signs, there are actually 13 constellations the sun passes through. The missing one is Ophiuchus, which has recently distorted the modern zodiac dates and changed people’s signs.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zodiac
http://conspiracies.skepticproject.com/articles/zeitgeist/part-one/
http://gawker.com/5732115/your-zodiac-sign-may-have-changed

Atlantis was never a real place. Plato wrote about it in his dialogues, “Timaeus and Critias”, describing hypothetical utopian societies. Plato was not describing a real place any more than his allegory of the cave, describes a real cave.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantis

Punxsutawney Phil, the weather predicting groundhog, has only been correct 39% of the time, according to the StormFax Weather Almanac.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punxsutawney_Phil

A team of Czech and German researchers recently determined that dogs prefer to poop in a north-south direction, which is not the only instance of animals grazing or moving in alignment with the earth’s magnetic field. This is actually due to the animals’ tendency to keep the sun out of their eyes when they’re in vulnerable positions.
http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/dogs-poop-in-alignment-with-earths-magnetic-field
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/cattle-deer-sense-magnetic-field/

This cartouche from Abydos Egypt, appears to depict a helicopter and spaceships. But it’s actually a reused cartouche from an earlier pharaoh. This nearby cartouche depicts the original carving from Seti the 1st, and this overlay was carved later during the reign of Ramses the 2nd. The appearance of aircraft shapes are simply paradelia – the phenomenon that causes humans to see faces in clouds and grilled cheese, when the reality is pure coincidence.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicopter_hieroglyphs
http://raincool.blogspot.com/2010/05/helicopter-hieroglyphs-explained.html
http://www.unexplained-mysteries.com/column.php?id=226188

Just in case you didn’t know, Mexican jumping beans have a small moth larva inside, which spasm or vibrate when they feel warm. It does this in an attempt to avoid dehydration by rolling to a cooler place.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qethw95nhLA

This picture was posted to the Coast to Coast AM image gallery in 2005. What appears to be a lurching cryptid, is much more likely a cat, jumping in the air, in a position like this.
http://archive.coasttocoastam.com/gen/page969.html
http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/funny-cat-jumping-22259741.jpg

The interpretation of dreams is actually helpful to psychologists as a tool to paint a psychological portrait of patients. Precognitive dreams, however are just as inaccurate as fortune-telling. J.W. Dunne conducted studies in 1939 using students of Oxford University. He found 12.7 percent of his subjects’ dreams had similarities with future events. A study in 1988, have had similar results of 10 percent. Even if some dreams were capable of predicting the future, it’s ultimately unreliable.
http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/extrasensory-perceptions/deja-vu5.htm

Ralph Ditter took these photos in 1966, in Zanesville Ohio. 5 years later he confessed to Mufon researchers that they were wheels from a toy wagon.
http://ufocon.blogspot.com/2010/10/ufos-that-never-were-classic-photos-now.html

In 1965, Rex Heflin took these infamous photos off the Santa Ana California freeway. Mr. Edward Riddle recognized the photos before they were published in the local papers and claimed they were a joke, and he made them from toy train wheels hung from fishing wire. Online researchers eventually found the exact model train and reconstructed a similar image.
http://ufocon.blogspot.com/2010/10/ufos-that-never-were-classic-photos-now.html

This aren’t UFO’s, they’re cracks in the cars windshield
http://forgetomori.com/2009/ufos/ufo-photos/debunking-roundup/

This isn’t a UFO, it’s actually a kite.
http://forgetomori.com/2009/ufos/ufo-photos/debunking-roundup/

This isn’t a UFO, it;s a street light with the post photoshopped out:
http://donaldschwab.com/UFOs/ufo3.jpg

This UFO is just a mirage
http://www.ufosnw.com/news_items/1954photos/1954fotocat_en.pdf

This UFO from Pomona, California is just a rowboat on the water, just beyond the dam.
http://www.ufosnw.com/news_items/1954photos/1954fotocat_en.pdf

This UFO from Skive (Denmark) is just a lens flare
http://www.ufosnw.com/news_items/1954photos/1954fotocat_en.pdf

This UFO from France is just a cooking crepe, tossed in the air,
http://www.ufosnw.com/news_items/1954photos/1954fotocat_en.pdf

These UFO from West New York are Interior lamps reflected on window,
http://www.ufosnw.com/news_items/1954photos/1954fotocat_en.pdf

This man demonstrates how you can fake a UFO video by fixing a sticker to a glass window:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1M_ADHmPl7s

These images are reportedly from 1954, from a man who was abducted by aliens. It’s actually from the 2006 television series, the Forbidden Files. All 13 shorts are available to watch on Youtube, and I recommend watching them all.
http://www.cri.ch/di/index.pl?lang=fr&action=episodes&episode=
https://www.youtube.com/user/jiMTVideo/videos

This footage of alien debris found alongside the Roswell crash was one of the many hoax tapes produced by the previously mentioned, Ray Santilli.
http://themisfitishereagain.blogspot.com/2006/07/what-happend-at-roswell.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dw7cNiysLxU

This photo of what is thought to be a Kappa: a creature of Japanese folklore, is more likely a four-legged animal, with one foreleg and one hindleg obscured in the shadows.

This photo of the Arizona devil is a fake. The original image was taken from the University of Arizona website.
http://www.cs.arizona.edu/camera/album/

This image of a dinosaur’s foot, actually belongs to the New Zealand moa, a flightless bird that went extinct 600 years ago, with only some bone and body remnants still being found today.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moa#Feathers_and_soft_tissues

This aerial photo of a crashed alien craft is actually an abandoned house in northern Arizona, likely a product of the SubGenius cult.
http://www.coasttocoastam.com/photo/view/desert_floor_saucer/44426
http://www.subgenius.com/bigfist/fun/devivals/5XDay/5XDay-PicsTN/SaucerCrash/crashed-pleasure-saucer.html

A Roman dodecahedron is one of hundreds of small hollow objects made of bronze or stone found all over the world with no explainable function. One youtube user recently provided a clever explanation. The 12 holes came in 3 sizes and in a pattern that corresponded with human fingers, and the studs on the corners could be used to catch wool, as in a weaving template. The dodecahedron is actually a model, for knitting gloves.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_dodecahedron
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poGapxsanaI

Inventor John Hutchinson claimed to have discovered the secret to levitation and free energy, but it’s obvious his experiments were shot in reverse or using an upside-down camera. In this video, you can clearly see a string operating the toy UFO.
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/John_Hutchison
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ILdA1vYva_0#t=14

This straw suit worn by the Amazonian Kayapo tribe is a tribute to Bep-Kororoti, an alleged ancient astronaut. However, the legends describe Bep-Kororoti as a human shahmen, and the protector of bees, in Kayapo teachings.
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/a-straw-man-the-real-meaning-behind-the-amazon-astronaut-suit

The Nazca lines are giant geoglyphs in the Peruvian desert created about 500 years ago. It’s no mystery how they were created. The dark red topsoil is gently brushed to the side to reveal a light colored subsoil. Researchers noticed that many of the designs could be traced with one unbroken line, and a study published by the journal “Antiquity”, concluded the lines were used for ceremonial walking rituals.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazca_Lines
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/science/nazca-lines-include-ceremonial-labyrinth-323632.html

The Indian rope trick is described as the world’s greatest illusion. But the original trick likely never happened. Historian Peter Lamont wrote in his book that the journalist John Wilkie submitted a hoax story to the Chicago Tribune in 1890, where a boy assistant would climb the rope, disappear, and the magician would climb up with a large knife or sword and dismembered body parts would fall to the ground. The alleged hoax gained infamy, and simpler variations have been attempted. This is a modern trick, where a stiff rod is inserted into a thick rope. The original trick may have been an exaggerated version of this possible method. An unseen cable is suspended in the sky between two tall distant structures. The magician’s rope is then thrown into the sky, catches on a cable, and pulled up by assistants.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rope_trick#Explanation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImSjQZDoixU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPUAlR1qiRQ

The Klerksdorp spheres were small stone spheres found in South Africa, dated to be three billion years old. If you remember, I’ve discussed concretions before. These kinds of concretions occur naturally, all over the world. To create these spheres, a tiny foreign body settles between one or more layers of volcanic ash, and iron “ore” particles fall between the larger particles, and concrete around the body. The space between the layers contain finer-grained sediment which caused the concretion to grow more slowly around the middle, creating the grooves. In some cases, the reverse is true.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klerksdorp_sphere
http://ncse.com/rncse/28/1/mysterious-spheres-ottosdal-south-africa

This 10-inch tall Egyptian figurine was caught slowly rotating in the Manchester Museum. Investigators discovered that the statue had a slightly rounded bottom, and vibrations from foot traffic caused it to move toward it’s true center of gravity.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/21/spinning-egyptian-statue-mystery-solved-video_n_4317220.html

This photo of a so called, “time-traveling hipster” is not a forgery. It’s authenticity was proven in 2000 10. Online detectives have found a similar shirt from the Montreal Maroons hockey team, and similar motorcycle goggles. Both from the 1930’s. The camera is also a 1930’s Kodak model, and his jacket is a common horsehair motorcycle jacket.
http://wafflesatnoon.com/time-traveling-hipster/
http://cosmopolisjournalen.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/960×6.jpg

Recently, the identity of Jack the Ripper, was discovered after a shawl, found near one of the bodies, was DNA tested against possible suspects. The DNA was matched to a descendant of Aaron Kosminsky, a Polish hairdresser, who was admitted to a mental health asylum after the last reported murder.
http://www.news.com.au/world/dna-tests-prove-that-jack-the-ripper-was-a-polish-immigrant-named-aaron-kosminski/story-fndir2ev-1227050842205

The Paulding lights have appeared nearly every night in upper Michigan for over 50 years. In the 1980’s, researchers found out the lights were simply headlights coming from the nearby highway.
http://forgetomori.com/2011/skepticism/the-paulding-light/

These odd rectangular clouds, are actually the fluorescent lights in an office building, reflected on a window.
http://forgetomori.com/2007/ufos/ufo-photos-mexican-flotilla/

This image shows the crew of Apollo 16 without their helmets, apparently proving the landing was faked. This image is hosted on the NASA website, explaining that it is merely a 1972 training exercise in preparation for the Lunar Landing Mission.
http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000021.html

This carving was made around 1186 A.D, outside the Ta Prohm temple in Angkor Cambodia. What appears to be a dinosaur, is actually a rhinoceros. The temple is covered with exaggerated animals and figures, and almost all of them have a similar foliage ornamentation behind them.
https://web.archive.org/web/20090310011831/http://fishheadsalad.com/tossing/steg/steg.htm
http://hawkebackpacking.com/images/pictures/asia/cambodia/siem_reap_ta_prohm/cambodia_siem_reap_ta_prohm_06.jpg

These images were captured by Carlos Diaz over a 20 year period. His claims and evidence have little information to go on, but in one interview, he was asked how the camera was so steady when he didn’t own a tripod. He said, the aliens gave one to him.
http://www.rense.com/general6/hoax.htm
http://www.ufowatchdog.com/carlos_diaz.htm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11iab_SNC3c

This photo taken in Rio de Janeiro in 1952, was one of five images. One of which, appeared to have a shadow on the top of the craft. Meaning that the source of light was from below. The shadow on this craft was cast from a light source coming from the left, while the surrounding trees were illuminated from the right.
http://forgetomori.com/2007/ufos/ufo-photos-barra-da-tijuca-brazil/

This image made the cover of a Brazilian UFO magazine, claiming to be an alien from the Roswell crash site. It’s actually a wax sculpture from the 1978 “Strange Strange World Pavilion” in Montreal.
http://forgetomori.com/2009/aliens/the-new-mexico-alien-with-a-zipper/#more-1281

This famous photograph of medium Colin Evans, was captured at multiple angles. Evans took the photos himself using the cable in his hand. He told the audience he could only levitate in complete darkness, and the flash from the camera briefly lit the room. Evans simply crouched on the chair, jumped, and snapped a picture.
http://forgetomori.com/2009/skepticism/levitation-secret-revealed-70-years-ago/#more-1157

This video of a stick-figure alien was caught on tape in Peru, but it is actually part of the bush in the foreground. Watch this instant replay. The parallax effect gives the illusion of motion. Remember, the stick is the closest object to the camera.
http://forgetomori.com/2009/skepticism/quives-stick-figure-alien-indeed-a-plant/

Sightings of UFOs like these, are less common, but easily explained by a long exposure of an airplane or helicopter. The shapes and lights are elongated, and the spotlights are repeated for the duration of the exposure.
http://forgetomori.com/2010/ufos/ufo-over-hangzhou-china-a-long-expos/

The California dragonfly drones – were photographed from multiple sources in 2007. A man called Isaac, later provided elaborate documentation on the drones, as well as a secret government project called CARET.
Unfortunately, there is virtually no evidence of photo manipulation from the pictures, and only one graphics expert, David Biedney, declared them to be fake.

The owner of Kaptive Studios, Kris Avery, tried to prove the photos were a hoax by replicating a CGI craft for a music video for the band, “Drone.”

In 2008, DroneTeam.com hired a private investigator to research the case. He could neither confirm nor deny the story or photos, but he did notice that the multiple photographers lied about the true location of each sighting, and every photo submitter refused to give their true identity. Two of which, managed to take crystal-clear photos from directly underneath the craft. From two different areas, with no other witnesses.
http://droneteam.com/investigation/
http://ovnis-usa.com/drone_investigation_FAQ.pdf
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tn_BGwwP9yw
https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_flyingobjects11.htm

These images of a USAF flying saucer are computer generated mockups, against existing backgrounds. Here are two of the original images, compared to the fakes.
https://web.archive.org/web/20041118031402/http://www.usafflyingsaucers.com/documents/real_complete.pdf
http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/planes/q0204b.shtml
http://www.rense.com/general46/usaf.html

Speaking of man-made UFO’s, here are a few real aircraft that have been mistaken for flying saucers. In 1958, Canada’s Avro Aircraft built the VZ-9 Avrocar, which suffered from stability problems. In 1911, famous aircraft builder, Chance Vought, built “the Umbrella Plane”, which allegedly took flight in Chicago.

This UFO is also known as the 1934 Roundwing. This is the 1950 Northrop NS-97. This is the 1952 Q’zeenay RC 3 sixty Aerodyne. This is the 1942 Vought-Zimmerman V one 73, or “Flying Pancake”. These are mock ups for the Avro Weapons Systems, 6 o 6 A, in the late 1950s.

This is the 1950 Dynafan, which used an air pump instead of blades. This is the Russian Flying Saucer, or Tarielka, which belonged to a series of experimental Soviet aircraft built between 1978 and 1996. This is the Russian Thermo-plan, a balloon ship developed in the late 1980’s. This is the Moller M 2 hundred X Volantor, which used 8 high-power fans to reach an altitude of 3 meters. Here is the Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee Flying Platform, being tested in 1955. This is the De Lackner HZ-1 Aerocycle, developed in the mid-1950’s. It was scrapped because the US Army decided it was too difficult to control. The 1957 Piasecki VZ-8 Air Jeep was designed to be a flying jeep vehicle.

None of these airships were created with the aid of alien technology.
http://io9.com/real-life-flying-saucers-prove-that-the-truth-is-right-514253166

The legendary city of El Dorado was never a real city. It was a term used to describe the tribal chief of the Mui’sca people of eastern Columbia, who reportedly painted himself with gold dust. The name evolved into a kingdom, and no true “golden city” ever existed.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Dorado

Other fictional places include, Atlantis, Shangri-la, Sodom and Gomorrah, and Camelot.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camelot
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shangri-L

This image of a celtic cross, taken by the Mars Curiosity rover was found on the NASA website. But the imprint actually came from the head of a screw, found on the x-ray spectrometer.
https://www.metabunk.org/threads/debunked-celtic-cross-on-mars-impression-from-screw-head-on-x-ray-spectrometer.4839/

The 1991 STS-48 Space Shuttle, caught these UFO’s speeding away from a bright flash. NASA concluded that these were floating ice particles reacting to the engine’s jets.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-48#Ice_particles
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eil_2WOv5VA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUOWJqjIpFA

This is not a real photo of President Trump getting a spray tan. It’s one of many celebrity art pieces by Alison Jackson, who often uses lookalikes.
http://www.alison-jackson.co.uk/

These bizarre roller coasters actually come from a short film called, The Centrifuge Brain Project, by German visual artist, Till Nowak.
https://vimeo.com/58293017
https://vimeo.com/tillnowak/videos

Recently, YouTube has been flooded with channels that regularly post realistic videos of UFOs. While entertaining, these hoax videos are debunked by other YouTube channels, that investigate their claims using video analysis. They usually find errors in the computer generated images, by comparing the frame rates of the moving objects and the background, noticing any clipping or interference of the objects path, or finding the original unedited background footage.

I recommend subscribing to Captain Disillusion, and UFO Theater, for more well-researched debunking videos.
https://www.youtube.com/user/UFOTheater/videos
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEOXxzW2vU0P-0THehuIIeg

The following cases were all posted in the last month, by a twitter account I recently discovered called “hoax eye”. After I started reading his tweets, I realized I was way out of my league.
https://twitter.com/hoaxeye
https://twitter.com/ufoofinterest

This UFO is just a kite, with L E D lights attached. Likely for the 2019 Area 51 raid.

These lights filmed over Milton Keynes England, were actually light from a Rammstein concert at MK Dons stadium.

This amateur telescope video of an asteroid hitting the moon is fake. The video’s author admits it was created using the video editing software, Blender.

This viral video of a sports car sliding under a truck is also a fake. It’s a CGI animation piece made by instagram user 2 n c s.

This reptilian eyelid video is the creation of VFX artist Nicholas King.

This realistic video of a humanoid robot is also fake, as pointed out by Snopes.com.
https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/human-robot-driveway-video/
https://twitter.com/hoaxeye/status/1149284217148379136

Thank you for watching my presentation. That’s about all the debunking I can do – without dignifying the Elvis sightings, fortune-tellers, climate change deniers, hollow earth theorists, and believers in reptilian overlords. Some of these supernatural stories simply debunk themselves. For being so unbelievable. If the viewer is feeling a little disillusioned right now, I don’t blame you. The important thing to realize is that there are plenty more phenomena that I haven’t addressed in this video. For example, I don’t have enough information to solve the Max Headroom broadcast intrusion or the bizarre Toyenbee tiles.

I can’t verify the authenticity of any of the relics claiming to be the holy grail, the ark of the covenant, or the spear of destiny. I can’t explain why the memo in General Raimey’s hand describes “victims” regarding the crash in Roswell. I can’t vouch for the testimonies surrounding the Oliver Castle crop circle video. I can’t explain the hovering pyramids over the Kremlin, the McMinnville UFO pictures, the hook island sea monster, or this rock with an embedded electronic-like component. Although it’s probably some kind of heating stone for a pet lizard.

There are still more unsolved and un-debunked mysteries out there. If you think you have any answers I haven’t addressed, I’d love to hear them. And if you have any pieces of evidence to share, I’d love to debunk them.

Thanks for watching.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Grail
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ark_of_the_Covenant#Possible_locations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Lance#Holy_Lance_relics
http://www.roswellproof.com/Reconstruct.html
http://www.consumertronics.net/petradox.htm
http://www.in5d.com/ufos-in-art-history.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Headroom_broadcast_signal_intrusion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMOezRBwHWo

Be sure to like and subscribe for more debunking videos, and ring that bell for notifications. See you on the flip flop, my n-words.

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